most popular myths and legends

most popular myths and legends

14 Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions (2017)

There are many popular myths and legends that people believe to be true. Here we debunk 14 most common misconceptions and popular myths.

Little Finger once said Knowledge is Power. With this power one can rule Kingdoms and on a minor scale can debunks popular myths and common misconceptions. Each civilizations and generation has its own set of myths and misconceptions. Some were weird and strange while others were more convincing. We surely have advanced into a much intelligent species yet there are many myths that dissolve the line between fact and fiction. To make you see more clearly and to give you the power of knowledge, here we presents 14 popular myths and common misconceptions:

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Human have only 5 senses – Touch, Smell, See, Hear and Taste

This theory was popularly given by Greek Philosopher Aristotle in 340 BC. He said that Human have only 5 senses namely Smell, Hear, See, Touch and Taste. However, there are nearly 20 senses human have including pain, balance, acceleration, body position and relative temperature.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Sharks don’t get Cancer.

Even though there is a whole book with the same title by Avery Publishing but contrary to this popular belief SHARKS CAN GET CANCER. Due to the popularity of book, their was a huge rise in the sale of Shark cartilages but eventually it was found out that sharks are not immune to cancer.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: GoldFish (and Many other Fishes) have 3 seconds memory.

GoldFish have a much larger memory span and it depends on individual fish but it can lasts weeks to months. In fact to prove this fact many goldfish were trained to respond to music and lights.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Fingernails and Hair Keeps on Growing after Death.

You Die, Your Body Die, Your Bodily Function Dies and that’s it. This is what Death Is. The myth popularized that fingernails and hair grow after death is because a dead body starts shrinking and thus shrinks away from bases of hairs and fingernails. This gives the false appearance of growing hairs.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Duck Quack Does Not Echo.

You might have read this countless times on the last page of your classmate notebook. But it is not true. A Duck Quack does echo. Its just that the echo is not in our hearing range so human ears can not hear it.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Bacteria on the floor takes 5 second to inhabit the food fell on ground.

FALSE. It only takes a second. As soon as your food falls on ground the bacteria present their would make it its new home.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: If a penny fell from a very tall building to someone’s head then it might kill the victim.

The building in this myth is often used as the Empire state building of New York which among the tallest buildings in world. This however does not hold true. You can go and throw a coin from the top of mount Everest and it still will not crack the land (given that the coin directly falls on the earth surface). Human body is a marvel of nature. A falling penny can acquire a speed of anywhere between 50 to 80 KM/hour and even if it fells on someone’s head it won’t kill the person as the penny does not produce enough energy to penetrate through the skull upon contact.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: The Great Wall of China is Visible from Space.

Sorry China, Your wall is long, prestigious and all but it is NOT visible from space. In fact it is not even visible from lower earth orbit which is around 160 KM vertical. The great Pyramids however are visible from space.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: 10% Brain Myth

I wonder in how many science fiction movies and novels this is used. No matter how much you liked Scarlett Johansson’s film Lucy and Bradley Cooper’s film Limitless but the ‘10% brain use’ presented in the film is just a popular myth which was debunked half a century earlier. It is still a myth because it fascinates normal people. We use every part of our brain all the time even while we are asleep. No particular part of brain is inactive all the time.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Left Brain and Right Brain Misconception.

The brain is divided into two cerebral hemispheres and its a popular misconception that the two parts function in two different ways and one cerebral hemisphere can not learn and take decisions of other hemisphere. While cognitive processes could be dominated by one cerebral hemisphere but experiments have proved that if one part of brain is damage then still the bodily functions could be carried out by the other part as effectively.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Lightning Does Not Strike Same Place Twice.

Oh I wish. But this one is so false. In fact Lightning can strike same place multiple times. In fact there are several places in world where lightning strikes on a weekly basis. Empire state building alone is victim of dozens of lightning strike a year.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Albert Einstein Failed in Mathematics.

There goes your hope. You might have hoped that if the greatest genius of our time was not able to score in mathematics then its okay for you too. But this one is false too. Einstein himself claimed that he scored well in mathematics and physics during his school days. If it consoles you in any way then it was a Swiss school entrance test that he failed.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Bulls are enraged by Color Red

Even though Professional Matadors use Red Colored cloth to enrage bull but in reality it is the way matador uses that cloth (in a threatening manner) to enrage the bull. So next time you can freely wear your red shirt around a bull. Just make sure not to make eye contact.

Popular Myths and Common Misconceptions: Homo Sapiens Evolved From Chimps.

No we did not evolved from Chimps but yes we share same ancestor with them.

10 Most Bizarre Nigerian Myths

Lets face it, when it comes to Nigeria, what most people think of is the corruption, kidnappings, poverty and Nollywood, apart from Nollywood, none of the above are good news. What a lot of people don’t know about though, are the superstitions, myths and legends that have to do with the country.

The story of this folklore is commonly told in Nigerian boarding schools, now take note that in most Nigerian schools, girls must have their hair in plaits/cornrows. Anyway the story goes like this;

In this very school, some time ago, there was a girl who’s hair was the finest, it was always beautifully made and very neat, but when asked who made her hair, the girl would reply and say it was a very shy and quiet friend of hers, well people got tired of asking and dropped the subject. Until one night, one of her roommates woke up and let out a scream, there was the girl headless, plaiting her own head.

Have you ever found yourself just randomly dancing to nothing, but just dancing, happy with what your doing, well be careful and try to remember where you kept your shoes. One of the lesser known myths, the devils’ music goes like this.

If you scatter your shoes in the night before going to bed, when you wake up, your shoes will be beside your bed, if you put on those shoes you just might find yourself dancing to hell. There’s honestly no way to know if your shoes have satanic dancing powers, all you have working for you is to try and remember where you kept them the night before.

No matter how strong or brave you are, noises in the night can make anyone jump, especially if its the sound of a crying baby but before you run to help that baby, make sure it isn’t a bush baby.

The bush baby is a myth used to scare boarding school students into minding their business and staying indoors in the night.

The story goes like this, on a calm night, with the wind at a minimum, when your almost at that point of sweet sleep, you will hear crying from outside. It will sound like a baby or a toddler crying, sometimes the kid will be calling for help, now you being the good Samaritan goes outside to help the little one, just as you reach the kid, he looks up at you with red eyes and a mouth full of razor sharp teeth, you will never be seen again.

Some say, they kill and eat you right there, while others say they drag you down to hell.

The moral of this story? Stay in bed and mind your own business.

The jinn is said to have an Islamic background, mostly popular in boarding schools that have a majority of Muslims, that fact does not make them any less scary.

No one is sure what they look like, but it is agreed that they are very small and sometimes invincible, but one thing that is believed is that they are mean killing machines, especially if you step on their house or children or pour water on them, and no you can’t apologise, because you wouldn’t even know that you did anything. It is believed that anthills are their homes, and so the warning goes that you should never destroy an anthill.

Most cultures and tribes have their own rules and beliefs when it comes to pregnant women. Nigerians are no different.

In some cultures, like the Ijaw and Yorubas, a pregnant woman is not allowed to see a masquerade because they believe that the baby will look like a masquerade when it is born. Also in some places, when a pregnant woman is sitting with her legs out, you must not cross her legs, the reason? The baby might look like you or bad luck will follow the child.

Some people enjoy whistling, making music without singing and just your lips, perfect for those who cant sing.

In some parts of Nigeria though, you must not whistle at night, Because you will wake the dead, who will whistle back at you and just may escort you back to their graves, its not a matter of question, they WILL take you. Another belief is that you will be calling snakes to you, no you won’t be able to control them.

There is a river in Kogi state which is said to be cursed, and if you catch a fish from there, no matter how much you try to cook it, it will always remain raw. Plus if you ever get injured by the bone of any fish in that river, the injury will never heal.

3. Madam koi koi (the woman in red)

Madam koi koi is the most popular story told to all boarding school students.

One of the versions of madam koi koi goes like this. A long time ago, there was a teacher who loved the colour red, from head to toe this is all she ever wears, she was also a wicked woman who had a son.

Now, one day the children who she taught had enough of her, carrying her son, they beat him to the point of death, in the rush and struggle to save her son, she lost one leg of her shoes, angry with what had happened, she vowed to take revenge on those who killed her son. To this day she walks the earth, looking for her son and lost shoe. She can enter rooms in the night, and if you ever hear her telltale sound, koi koi koi, you immediately close your eyes and don’t open them until the sound of her heel cannot be heard again. Unless? Well, death is all that awaits you.

This is a river goddess who is described as a beautiful and graceful being, a woman who is half human and half fish, a mermaid in short.

Unlike the little mermaid though, this goddess is not a doe eyed princess looking for her true love, instead she’s out for an easy slave to carry back to her watery kingdom to serve her and her sisters for as long as they wish.

Another belief is that, if you find one brushing her hair by the beach at night, she will swim away and leave her comb behind, if you pick up this comb, she will appear to you in your dreams asking for it back, in exchange for money, any amount you want. No sex, where would you even put anything?

With all these, she is actually revered by son cultures

1. Witches, Wizards and Witchcraft

Unlike Harry Potter, those suspected of witchcraft will most likely be killed or may be asked to kill others, for a little payment of course.

A lot of Nigerians believe that witches hold meeting every night, planning how to ruin the lives of others and when they’re done with their nightly meetings they fly around for sometime, carrying out some evil acts, like murder and stealing of properties. Of course, it is said that if any of your pictures, or properties are missing, a witch has carried it away to make sacrifices with.

One of the most popular ways people believe you can become a citizen of the night, is to eat in your dreams, no matter what, as long as your eating, especially eggs, meat and sweets, you are being initiated. Most people believe that only prayers can ward them off, and others? Well they believe that creating their own coven is the only way to help protect yourself.

You will know some of these stories from myths and legends, but here, for the first time, they are told in the form of children's bedtime story poems.

All story poems on history-for-kids are funny, educational, and best of all, free! As a parent or teacher you may copy or print out any of these poems/stories and pictures about myths for children, and read them to your little ones without having to ask permission. Please, however, do not use the poems for any commercial purpose (such as magazines, newspapers, or websites) without contacting us first.

Myths and Legends Poems for Kids

A collection of poems about the ancient Greek gods who lived on Mount Olympus.

The hero Theseus battles the minotaur - a giant with a bull's head, locked up in a labyrinth in Crete.

Perseus was sent on a quest to slay the monstrous Medusa, who had snakes for hair, and could turn her enemies to stone just by looking at them.

Prometheus stole fire from the gods and gave it to mankind.

The story of the boy who flew too near to the sun.

Jason and the crew of the Argos set out on an epic quest to find the golden fleece, and claim it for their king.

After the siege of Troy had been going on for many years, the Greeks tricked the Trojans using a giant wooden horse.

A good king, but a foolish one. King Midas makes a wish, one that he soon comes to regret.

The story of the first woman, and the mysterious locked box that must never be opened.

The legend of the two brothers, rescued from drowning by a wolf, who grew up to be the founders of the city of Rome.

An ancient British legend about a worm that grew into a dragon, and terrorized northern England, until a hero came to fight it.

Willy Wilcox is a legendary character from the town of Polperro in southern England. In this story he meets some strange and magical creatures, and makes a friend.

The classic story of Robin Hood - outlaw of Sherwood Forest. This story tells how he met Little John, Marion, Friar Tuck, and the merry men.

Funny rhymes about vampires, werewolves, ghosts, witches, and lots of other spooky Halloween monsters.

More funny rhymes - this time about fabulous beasts such as mermaids, dragons, unicorns, goblins, elves, and trolls.

A new version. You will recognize it as the classic Christmas poem, but it has been updated for modern children, with outdates ideas and words replaced with more familiar ones.

Here is a brief summary of some of the more famous myths and legends from across the years. We hope to supply you with fun story poems that retell some of these stories, one day.

Greek Myths and Legends

  • Zeus was the king of the gods, and he ruled the other gods (such as Aphrodite the goddess of love, Apollo the god of music and archery, Hermes the god of travel, Poseidon the god of the sea) at Mount Olympus.
  • Heracles was the son of Zeus, and was a great warrior. He successfully completed the 12 tasks (or "labours") that were set for him by his archenemy, the king. These included fighting a lion, a hydra, a bull, and Cerberus the three headed hound who guarded the gates of the Underworld.
  • Perseus was also the son of Zeus. He was a hero who killed the Gorgon Medusa (who had snakes for hair and could turn a man to stone), and rescued Andromeda from a sea monster.
  • Jason assembled a group mighty warriors (including Heracles, Telamon, and Orpheus) to go on a quest to find the magical golden fleece. They were called the Argonauts, after their ship, the Argos. Their voyage included dangerous encounters with harpies, nymphs, fire-breathing oxen, a dragon, and an army of warriors grown from dragons' teeth.
  • The Trojan War, between Greece and Troy, began when Helen of Troy left the Greek King and ran off with the Trojan Prince Paris, and the Greeks sent their armies to bring her back. Great warriors like Hector and Achilles fought bravely, but the war was won by the Greeks, who tricked the Trojans using a giant wooden horse.
  • Homer’s Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus and his men, returning to Greece after the Trojan War. Their epic journey brings them into conflict with a giant cyclops, the sirens, a witch, and the god Poseidon. Eventually the goddess Athena helps them to get home.
  • The minotaur was a giant with a bull's head who lived in a labyrinth in Crete. He was killed by the hero Theseus.
  • Daedalus and his son Icarus tried to escape from Crete, flying to freedom with wings made from feathers and wax. Icarus however, excited by the flying, flew too near to the sun, which melted the wax. He fell to his death.
  • King Midas was offered a wish by a satyr (half man, half goat) as a reward for his hospitality. Midas foolishly wished that everything he touched would turn to gold. He lived to regret it.
  • Orpheus was a musician who traveled down to The Underworld in order to bring his wife back from the dead.
    • At first there was nothing. Then there was a land of fire and a land of ice. When these lands met there was an explosion, which created an evil giant called Ymir. Eventually, Ymir created a race of frost giants. A giant cow called Audhumla created rivers of milk, and created the first god by licking the ice. This god was called Buri, and he was the grandfather of Odin. Odin and his brothers killed Ymir and most of the frost giants. From Ymir's body they created the Earth.
  • Odin and his brothers created a man and a woman out of some logs they found washed up on the shore. The woman was called Elm and the man Ash, after the trees from which the wood came.
  • A giagantic tree called Yggdrasill towered over the world, and its roots went into other, magical realms. It was from this tree that Odin obtained his special powers and knowledge.
  • Odin and his sons built Asgard, the home of the gods, above the clouds. It was connected to the Earth by a rainbow bridge.
  • There was a god called Loki who was a mischief maker. Sometimes though, his cunning and craftiness came in handy for the gods, such as the time he outsmarted a frost giant who was trying to trick the gods into giving him the beautiful Freya as a wife.
  • Odin's eldest son was Thor, the god of thunder, who had a magical hammer called Miolnir. He was a warrior, and rather hot-heated.
  • One day there will be a final battle called Ragnarok, between the gods and their enemies. After this, human life will be reborn again from the last two survivors.
  • Posted by Juan Castillo, Updated on December 5, 2014

    Vikings had horns on their helmets

    There is some truth to this. Archaeological finds have discovered helmets with horns and wings, but these have always been designated for the priests to wear during ceremonies. Vikings warriors did not wear them into battle. In fact, it is debatable whether Viking warriors wore helmets at all. So where did this myth come from? It most likely started with the ancient Roman and Greek writers like Plutarch, who vividly described the northern tribes as wearing all manner of strange things on their heads.

    Although we all call it a “banana tree” the stem doesn’t contain true woody tissue. In reality it is a herbaceous plant, or “herb”. Spread the word.

    Oh but it is. You might not like it, and your English teacher might not like it, but just don’t make any bets that it’s not in the dictionary. Of course, it’s considered non-standard and most people would probably prefer “regardless” or “irrespective”, but that is a matter of preference.

    Poor Poinsettias, everyone steers clear of them. The myth was started sometime in the 20th century shortly after they were brought over from Mexico. The child of a military officer allegedly died upon consuming a poinsettia leaf. As a result of this rumor the toxic properties of this plant have been highly exaggerated. Of course, you may want to keep it away from your pets because consumption can result in an upset stomach, but trust us, they’ll live.

    This is common knowledge right? Well, in the realm of academia a dispute rages and it has yet to be settled. There is no doubt that we have 5 primary senses. This has been known since the time of Aristotle. But go ahead and ask a Harvard Medical School researcher and you’ll get a wide variety of answers. Depending on their stance they may include any of the following: equilibrioception, nociception, proprioception, thermoception, interoception, the list goes on…

    Some of the World's Most Famous Legends

    History is full of legends that mystify and entertain. These legends of from different cultures around the world. Some are still held as strong beliefs, however some of them have faded away with time.

    Here are the legends we share:

    The Most Famous Legends of All Time

    1. Lady Godiva
    2. Robin Hood
    3. The Fountain of Youth
    4. Atlantis
    5. Bloody Mary
    6. El Dorado
    7. King Arthur
    8. The Gordian Knot
    9. Yamashita's Treasures
    10. Prester John

    Lady Godiva is believed to be an Anglo Saxon woman who lived during the time of 980-1064 AD. She was the wife of the ruler of Coventry, England. She loved her husband dearly, but she always opposed the way her husband treated his people.

    When her husband issued a heavy tax on the local people, she decided to protest by wandering the city naked. And so she did, covering herself only with her hair, she wandered the streets of the city. The woman was so highly respected that the entire city shut down their windows while she did so. The only exception was a tailor, who watched through a hole in his shutter as the naked woman roam the city.

    The tailor was named "Peeping Tom".

    Godiva’s husband abolished the law immediately after her protest.

    Robin Hood is one of the most famous legendary characters of all time. Though his existence is not clearly verified, he is believed to be an Englishman from medieval times.

    He was a thief who fought against injustice and tyranny by stealing from the rich and giving the money to the poor. It is believed that he had a group of men working for him whom he called his “Merry Men.”

    The Legend of the Fountain of Youth

    The legend of the fountain of youth tells about a special fountain which contains water with special powers. It is believed that by drinking this water, a person gains eternal youth. Nobody knows where this fountain is. American legends claim that it is somewhere in Florida, while European legends claim it is in Spain.

    It is believed that about 9,600 years ago there was an island named Atlantis. It was also a continent that sunk over time. The Ancient Greeks called this place a holy city and believed that it used to lie beyond the Pillars of Hercules. The reason it sunk, according to the legend, is because Greece were not successful in conquering Athens.

    The logical explanation of the matter however is that the island sunk due to submarine convulsions or volcanic eruption. The location of Atlantis is alternately given as in the Mediterranean Sea or the Atlantic Ocean. According to research, however, there was never any such island. The matter has been under debate for centuries as many still believe that the island did exist.

    Bloody Mary is one of the most popular ghosts in the world. But who was she, really? No one actually knows. There are hundreds of legends about this famous legendary character.

    Some say that she was a widow who killed her children, while some say she was a young child who got killed and is wandering around her grave.

    The most common legend about Bloody Mary tells that if a person, after midnight, says "Bloody Mary" three times in front of the mirror, Mary's ghost will appear and kill the person.

    Some legends also portray her as a good ghost, but mostly she is an evil spirit.

    The legend of El Dorado originated in South American during the 1530s. It is the story of a tribal chief who lived in a secret kingdom behind the waterfalls of the Amazon River. It is said that the chief of the tribe would cover himself with gold dust (which was present in an ample amount in his kingdom) and jump into the pure water. Legend has it that the story was brought to the world by Spanish wanderers who discovered the kingdom.

    King Arthur is a British legendary character who existed during medieval times and is believed to have led the defense of Britain against the Saxon invaders during the early 6 th century. Many theories about his existence have been given by scholars over the centuries, while others say he never existed.

    The Legend of the Gordian Knot

    Gordian was an ancient Phrygian king who was prophesized by the gods to become the king of Phrygia. The prophecy told that the first man who enters the city with a cart will be the new king. When Gordian became King, he tied his cart to a tree using a special knot. It was then prophesized that the first man who opened the knot would be the new king. In 333 BC, Alexander entered the city. He sliced the knot with his sword and became the king.

    The Legend of Yamashita’s Treasures

    This legend is comparatively new. According to the legend, during World War II the Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita hid a treasure in caves somewhere in the Philippines. The treasure was actually stolen loot, consisting of gold items including bars and some antiques.

    Prester John is believed to have been a king who ruled a nation somewhere in Europe during 12 th -13 th centuries. According to the legend, he was a righteous man and his kingdom was comprised of great wealth. His kingdom also consisted of magical objects and creatures. However, somehow his kingdom disappeared. Although today many people call it a mythical story, it was believed for many centuries and inspired adventurers to hunt for the lost kingdom and treasure.

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    Wow I just got scared of the Bloody Mary

    Legends never die 6 weeks ago

    These legends will never die

    This was a lot of help

    Taegen Payne 6 weeks ago

    Is there such thing as mermaids

    Thank you, It helped me with a project I got a 4+ on because of this site, So I thank you.

    a student doing a project 7 weeks ago

    i cant believe people still think that bloody Mary actually exists

    thanks! brought me back some more memories of legends that I forgot about.

    Nigel Ian Lee 2 months ago

    jan taulagi 2 months ago


    jan taulagi 2 months ago

    WOW i never knew that this would feel so good thank you so much for this information.

    I love the information for the bloody Mary legend.

    Thank you for the information it really helped me

    bro, mount ebbot aint real.


    Useful for my son!

    Atlantis is real because I have been there

    One of the best information


    I like your legends THANKS

    It was a wonderful information related to my studies

    Vismay.s.kachrola 6 months ago

    Hey I liked the post.

    Ask or dare Saki and pasta's 6 months ago

    Oki I searched up the bloody Mary legend and found this site with a bunch pf comments debunking the myth so..

    Can some1 tell me other legends?

    hollie roberts 8 months ago

    this is fancastic i like legends

    "Bloody Mary, Bloody Mary, Bloody Mary. "

    is there such thing as a ink monster. well i know there is something like it but is it a legends

    Now I can do my homework. It's due in tomoz.

    Hadouken Mayo 10 months ago


    Avani Nagar 12 months ago

    All the legends are great except the Bloody Mary legend is false. She did actually exist and she was in fact Queen Mary, King Henry the 8th's daughter. She grew up not liking the rules her father made. When she became queen she started to burn people for not following her religion. A name for her started spreading around 'Bloody Mary'. As royalty she needed to have a baby to be the heir to the throne. Fortunately for her she got the symptoms of having one. Her belly grew larger and larger. After nine months everybody waited for the baby. A rumor spread she had a baby boy but that was false. After a few months her belly went back to normal. People said it was a ghost baby. Shortly after another false pregnancy she died. The bloody mary mirror thing is just a game people made up for fun.

    hi this is cool.

    DreamLotus 13 months ago

    Actually Bilal Shahid. Mary was a real person at one point in time. It's not common knowledge so I understand why you would think she isn't real. This site is interesting but its depiction of the real Bloody Mary is wrong. Mary was a Catholic woman, and she had so many protestants put to death through viscions means, such as having them burned at the stake. Because of this she earned the nickname Bloody Mary. Here's a link.

    Aleeya liya 13 months ago

    This is very legend, this is good,i cant do my homework now

    Easy and i dont like the bloody marry its scary^_^

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